The reaction of oats and peas to the weediness of crops and the intensity of processing for organic production
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Keywords

autumn plowing, small disking, loosening of the soil, minimization of processing, single-species and mixed crops, weed infestation, organic production.

How to Cite

Martynyuk, N. (2018). The reaction of oats and peas to the weediness of crops and the intensity of processing for organic production. Interdepartmental Thematic Scientific Collection "Agriculture", 1(94), 62-67. Retrieved from https://zemlerobstvo.kiev.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/13

Abstract

The article presents the results of scientific research on the effect of soil treatment intensity on weed infestation and the yield of oat and pea field grain in single-species and mixed crops for organic production during 2013-2015.

From the minimization of the autumn plowing of the soil (replacement of autumn plowing by 20-22 cm in autumn small discs by 10-12 cm), the weed infestation of oats in the tillering phase increased from 15 to 25 pieces / m2 or by 67%.

At the time of ejecting panicles from oats from the combination of pre-emergence loosening of the soil with autumn plowing and autumnal small discs, the weed infestation decreased on average in three years - by 30 and 24%, respectively.

Soil cultivation reduced the weediness of crops and largely affected the yield of oats and peas field in both single-species and mixed crops.

The maximum grain yield of 2,61 t / ha was provided by a variant where autumn plowing by 20-22 cm was supplemented by loosening the soil 6-8 cm in single-species oats. The maximum total yield of grain of oats and peas field was 2,69 t / ha, when mixed crops were sown.

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